God promised that obeying His Word would bring great blessings. He also warned that disobedience would lead to punishments such as lack of fresh water that we see in Deuteronomy 28:23-24:
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.
He turneth rivers into a wilderness, and the watersprings into dry ground;
A fruitful land into barrenness, for the wickedness of them that dwell therein.
Is the world’s developing water crises are the result of God’s withholding His blessing? As we deepen into the Tribulations of the End Days, water will play an even more dramatic role, in hopefully bringing mankind to repentance.
UN Sustainable Nanotechnology
Sustainable nanotechnology has been deployed upon the earth presented as a contaminant-free water to humanity. A focus on water availability is being sold to create businesses, drive the economy, and make the world breathe better.
Increasingly chemical, pharmaceutical, agro-chemical, petrochemical, and technology “enrich” our physical lives while their manufacture rapidly declines water resources due to unprocessed industrial waste. Clean water has been a pet agenda of the UN with the US implementing the Clean Water Act in all contractual government documents. According to the UN to address the Clean Water (CW) wicked problem requires, “technological advances, limits on usage, and collective wisdom, and compassion in order to create sustainable solutions.”
To achieve the UN sustainable economic and technological develop requires a leveling of the global playing field to treat, purify, and assess toxicity in water. Clean water challenges are highly interdisciplinary, and solutions therefore must cut across boundaries of disciplines. Water in diverse forms is related to climate, food, health, and many other aspects of life, including its origin.
Recent advances in the field of nanoscience are being used to reduce scarcity and remove contamination. Nanochemistry is being used to develop filters that remove pesticides from drinking water, but at what cost?
This technology had already reached over 7.5 million people by 2016. reducing pesticide levels from over 20 times the safety standard to Nanostructured material is able to remove arsenic from drinking water to deliver supposedly clean water (CW) to about 1 million people each day.
Scalable and massive implementation of technological methods of microbial disinfection, desalination, water harvesting, recycling, contaminant sensing, and monitoring are debuting in the marketplace. For example, nanotechnology (NT) for CW have enthused many researchers, and numerous articles have been published around the theme of NT and nanomaterials for CW production and wastewater treatment. The goals are to get more potable drinking water for less, decreasing some contaminants (while increasing Nano particulate pollution), and optimizing the unique properties of nanostructures, such as precise pores for desired dimensions, controlled functionalities, maneuverability, and offer “exciting possibilities” for making CW that is not pristine or pure.
Nearly 40% of the global population resides within 100 km of an ocean or a sea, rendering desalination a crucial solution to water scarcity and security. Presently, there are 19,744 desalination plants operating across 150 countries supplying 100 millions of water per day to 300 million people globally. However, desalination is still energy-intensive and hazardous to the environment which is unacceptable to the UN global governors.
Thermal distillation is a conventional approach mainly used for treating water with a high level of total dissolved solids Thermal desalination processes use a multistage flash distillation, with their efficiency derived from running on solar and geo-thermal energy sources and enhanced by using nanomaterials.
Membrane-based separation is adequate for treating water. Technolgies include RO, reverse osmosis; forward osmosis, FO; electrodialysis, ED; nanofiltration, NF). Among membrane materials, nanocomposite polymeric-membranes are commercially successful due to their low cost and feasibility for large-scale manufacturing.
Of the chemical-driven desalination technologies (i.e., ion-exchange, liquid−liquid extraction, and precipitation), the ion-exchange process is the most commonly used.
Electro-membrane desalination includes carbon nanomaterials (e.g., CNTs, graphene-based nanomaterials) and zeolites that are incorporated into ion-exchange membranes for ED.
ATMOSPHERIC WATER HARVESTING
The earth’s troposphere contains approximately 1.42×1019 liters of water in the form of water vapor, and the world population today is about 7.6 billion. Therefore, there is nearly 1.8 billion liters of water available per person in the atmosphere to harvest but we must, once again ask at what cost? Does man rfeally understand the fine nuances of the hydrological cycle to know with absolute certainty that major disruption or calamity might not occur from such a harvesting project?
Scientists and researchers believe atmospheric water harvesting has vast potential, even if only a miniscule fraction of this resource is used. Note that the oceans of the planet were once dry and were filled by rain dispensed at the command of God. Thermodynamics suggests that for an open water surface to attain maximum entropy and equilibrium, water vapor above the surface has to attain saturation, thereby causing replenishment through greater evaporation. They note that excessive extraction of vapor might affect the hydrological cycle negatively.
Active harvesting mechanisms have been integrated into commercial atmospheric water generators (AWGs). These AWGs extract moisture primarily by condensation or adsorption mechanisms, or a combination of both.
Of the chemical-driven desalination technologies (i.e., ion-exchange, liquid−liquid extraction, and precipitation), the ion-exchange process is the most commonly used.
AFFORDABLE NANOSENSORS AND CATALYSTS FOR CLEAN WATER
Conventional analytical methods include liquid chromatography (HPLC) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Nanomaterials are unique in their properties. The process includes optical absorption of photons that produce light in our atmosphere. NP also create free electron and a hole, both of which can diffuse to the surface of the particle and react with adsorbed water molecules. In theory, this method could sense contaminates in water supplies that cause carcinogenicity, reproductive, and neurotoxicity threats to humans and animals. The question is will it be used for this purpose or to control water use with its sensory capabilities?
This process is described as: light through luminescence clusters can be enhanced by anchoring them on plasmonic particles through a process called metal-enhanced luminescence. This enhancement is also possible by embedding clusters onto electro-spun fibers. In both cases, it is possible to detect and to quantify contaminants. Such sensor mats could make test strips affordable for ultrasensitive detection or electrically charged fibers to track and trace water usage.
TOXICITY OF NANO PARTICULATES
The properties that make NPs useful and relevant in CW applications can also make them objects of suspicion. Being in the same size regime as biomolecules, NPs can mimic biomolecules and enter biological systems, such as humans, animals, and plant cells, or organelles. Coupled with the possibility of appropriate functionalization, this probability gets further enhanced. NPs also propagating to the liver, testes, and eventually to the brain through the blood−brain barrier.
Globally, the water sector is too broad to estimate its net worth. Over the years, nanotechnology-based businesses have emerged in the CW sector to address global and local needs
WATER PURIFIERS OF TOMORROW
Increasing awareness of the need for essential minerals in water and the dangers of harmful ones will necessitate ensuring that optimal mineral content is delivered through drinking water. Next-generation technologies that can retain certain minerals or reject others completely would make it possible for water purifiers to select purification technologies according to need. All of these in conjunction with Internet of Things (IoT)-enabled devices and the proliferation of Internet availability across the world would enable acquisition and transfer of water quality data across time through personal electronic devices. Big data analytics would create personal health advisories. The availability of such data across a population would be of use to communities and governments to understand and to plan for the health of their people. Water purifiers may become obsolete with people wholly dependent upon the government for their water supply.
SUSTAINABLE "CLEAN WATER"
The global water crisis is being countered today by effective removal of contaminants, creation of robust water networks, real-time monitoring of water quality, and linking these efforts with social, political, and economic action. Untapped water resources and major problems in the CW sector where NTs could be useful. Ideally, to the UN managers the world must run with net-zero carbon emissions. Perhaps engines of the future can be designed to produce usable liquid. Lakes and ponds can be rejuvenated using rainwater and can be directed for domestic non-potable usage. Sewage treatment and use of recycled water will also prove to be vital. Water will be embedded with intelligent devices in the foreseeable future.
Personal activity has an impact on water. Water audits on materials of consumption, such as detergents, clothes, food, packaging, paint, furniture needs to happen and be reinvented to make cities livable according to UN policymakers. Dyed textiles, leather, and detergents will be infused with nanotech “solutions” to reduce industrial water consumption and their agenda item pollutants.
The maintenance of water infrastructure has caused arise in the price of CW. According to a 2017 water affordability assessment, the percentage of U.S. households that find water services unaffordable is expected to rise from 11.9% in 2017 to 35.6% in 2022. Scientists are offering atmospheric water harvesting and capacitive deionization saturated with next-generation nanomaterials offer affordable solutions. Municipal water systems will have to be upgraded to meet new regulations using NT-enabled coatings.
Bottled mineral water sales continue to rise. A report found the presence of microplastics in mineral water samples in glass and poly(ethylene terephthalate) packaged bottles. However, the effect on human health of such microplastics, additives, and pigment particles remains unexamined. Integration of nanosensors with smart water bottles and linking of water quality and quantity to an individual's physiological information in real-time will revolutionize personal health along with personalized water control and management. In addition to nanosensors, biodegradable materials are needed as a replacement for non-disposable plastics, which could bring about another materials revolution. Among other synthetic matter is an ever-expanding class of per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances that are bio accumulative in nature.
Providing CW for all citizens will drain their resources but we are told that our sacrifice is needed. Technologies will need to address imbalances of mankind.
Challenges of CW are linked to clean air, clean energy, sustainable agriculture, and a clean environment.
The foregoing suggests that only integrated water management with outside-the-box thinking can make cities breathe better. In the context of overall water balance, 9 challenges are addressed through NT for UN water control:
(1) Global CO2 emissions due to desalination can be solved with nanotechnology
(2) Efficient water-harvesting mechanisms must not require additional energy input.
(3) Nanomaterials can be used to conserve CW by improving the physico-chemical and biological characteristics of soil. For example, the application of biodegradable nano-hydrogels enhances the moisture content of soil and its water retention capacity, thereby relieving water stress.
(4) Water audits in developing consumables from food to toiletries are needed. For example, cradle-to-grave life cycle assessments of the process of washing laundry.
(5) Point-of-use water recycling products for personal and local reuse, such as portable, chemical-free, ozone-based disinfection solutions, using hydrodynamic cavitation, acoustic cavitation, and electro-chemical oxidation, may lead to energy-efficient water treatment and recycling.
(6) Placing compact nano-sensors on water bottles and other water-based beverage containers to monitor water quality (pH, hardness, turbidity,etc.) and to create an interconnected network (Internet of Nano Things) will generate opportunities.
(7) Self-cleaning fabrics lead to reductions in consumption of water, detergent, electricity, or an equivalent amount of CO2. Nano-materials demonstrate photocatalytic self-cleaning through the creation of hierarchical structures, whereas adsorption of organic molecules imparts water repellency to surfaces by lowering their surface energy. A U.S. study found that a treated, self-cleaning fabric could reduce electricity and water consumption by as much as 84%, compared to an untreated fabric, while undergoing 50 laundry cycles in its lifetime.
(8) Waterless vacuum toilets with incorporated fecal and urinal waste-repellent nano-coating's are possible at the domestic level. The possibility of Nano enabled nutrient recovery from human feces and urine could be explored for reuse at homes.
(9) Next-generation membranes for desalination are needed.
CW production presents questions of clean manufacturing, responsible use (social justice) of materials, equitable distribution (global fascism), and, ultimately, concern for humanity. Genuine concern for water availability puts limits on reckless growth and consumption (the old-world system). Water, therefore, presents an appropriate subject on which green chemistry and green manufacturing converge for social good (utilitarianism).
Bible prophecy describes a time when the cycle of sin will grow worse and worse—to the point that Jesus will need to intervene to save mankind from self-destruction (Matthew 24:21).
During these days God will punish the sinful nations with a series of plagues, each preceded by the divine blast of a trumpet. Two of these plagues will directly affect our oceans and supplies of fresh water.
- The second trumpet plague: “Then the second angel sounded: And something like a great mountain burning with fire was thrown into the sea, and a third of the sea became blood. And a third of the living creatures in the sea died, and a third of the ships were destroyed” (Revelation 8:8-9).
Could we understand in one layer of biblical application, this second angel carrying a “great mountain” of fallen angel technology that could include nanotechnology resulting in the waters of earth turning into blood, as in a blood bath as we interrupt the God-given hydrological cycle?
- The third trumpet plague: “Then the third angel sounded: And a great star fell from heaven, burning like a torch, and it fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water. The name of the star is Wormwood. A third of the waters became wormwood, and many men died from the water, because it was made bitter”.
I humbly submit that it is possible at one level to view Wormwood as a type of nanotechnology star (angel) that falls along with Lucifer to embitter, pollute, and poison the waters of the earth causing many to die.
Just before the return of Jesus the seventh trumpet will sound but the people will refuse to repent and so God will respond with seven catastrophic “bowls of wrath” (Revelation 16:1-6). Two of these will also involve water.
- The second bowl of wrath: “Then the second angel poured out his bowl on the sea, and it became blood as of a dead man; and every living creature in the sea died”.
- The third bowl of wrath: “Then the third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood”.
Every sea creature will die in the areas where those plagues strike when the waters become like the blood of a dead man. The fresh waters including rivers and springs will also be turned to blood, killing everything in them and a vile stench will blanket the earth with great suffering as unrepentant humanity withers from lack of water.
The Good News is that Jesus does return to a battered a chaotic world and He, the Living Water, will bring refreshing healing to the waters.
Peter called the time after Jesus’ return the times of “refreshing” and “restoration of all things” as we see in Acts 3:19-21.
The Cataclysm Prophet sees:
“The wilderness and the wasteland shall be glad for them, and the desert shall rejoice and blossom as the rose. … For waters shall burst forth in the wilderness, and streams in the desert. The parched ground shall become a pool, and the thirsty land springs of water,” Isaiah 35:1, 6-7.
“The desolate land will be cultivated instead of lying desolate in the sight of all who pass through it. They will say, ‘This land that was laid waste has become like the garden of Eden’” Ezekiel 36:34-35
The psalmist also praises God:
“turns a wilderness into pools of water, and dry land into watersprings. There He makes the hungry dwell, that they may establish a city for a dwelling place, and sow fields and plant vineyards, that they may yield a fruitful harvest. He also blesses them, and they multiply greatly; and He does not let their cattle decrease” Psalm 107:35-38.
Let is be so, Lord Jesus. Let is be so.
Celeste has worked as a contractor for Homeland Security and FEMA. Her training and activations include the infamous day of 911, flood and earthquake operations, mass casualty exercises, and numerous other operations. Celeste is FEMA certified and has completed the Professional Development Emergency Management Series.
- Incident Command
- Integrated EM: Preparedness, Response, Recovery, Mitigation
- Emergency Plan Design including all Emergency Support Functions
- Principles of Emergency Management
- Developing Volunteer Resources
- Emergency Planning and Development
- Leadership and Influence, Decision Making in Crisis
- Exercise Design and Evaluation
- Public Assistance Applications
- Emergency Operations Interface
- Public Information Officer
- Flood Fight Operations
- Domestic Preparedness for Weapons of Mass Destruction
- Incident Command (ICS-NIMS)
- Multi-Hazards for Schools
- Rapid Evaluation of Structures-Earthquakes
- Weather Spotter for National Weather Service
- Logistics, Operations, Communications
- Community Emergency Response Team Leader
- Behavior Recognition
Celeste grew up in military & governmental home with her father working for the Naval Warfare Center, and later as Assistant Director for Public Lands and Natural Resources, in both Washington State and California.
Celeste also has training and expertise in small agricultural lobbying, Integrative/Functional Medicine, asymmetrical and symmetrical warfare, and Organic Farming..
My educational eBooks
Prep Resources for the Climate Chaos
Climate Revolution: The Grand Solar Minimum